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Physico-Chemical Analysis of Agriculture Soil Effluents from Pharmaceutical Industry at Mandideep Bhopal in Central India

Research Area: Volume 2 Issue 1 Year: 2014
Type of Publication: Article Keywords: Pharmaceutical, effluent, standard, physico-chemical, pollutants, environment, hazards
Authors:
  • Alka Mehta
Journal: IJNIST Volume: 2
Number: 1 Pages: 8-24
Month: Jan-June
ISSN: 2321-0468
Abstract:
The higher concentration of Heavy metals in industrial effluent is major concern of environmental pollution. The objective of this study was to determine the behavior of various parameters of the pharmaceutical wastewater effluents released openly without prior treatment from Lupin pharmaceutical industry in the Mandideep region of Bhopal. The company produces Medicine, Bulk drugs, antibiotics, pain killers and others. It is important for the industry to develop its own wastewater treatment system before discharging the effluent in order to meet the Madhya Pradesh Pollution control Board (MPPCB) standards. Reduction of pollutants in the wastewater down to permissible concentrations is necessary for the protection of ground water and the environment. The physico-chemical analyzed in this study included pH, WHC(water holding capacity), CEC, Organic Nitrogen, Total Phosphorous, Total Potassium, Total Nitrogen, Organic Matter, Clay, Slit, Zinc, Iron Copper and Boron. Most of the samples were found to contain the metals in varying concentrations. An intensive analytical programme was followed for 4 months for monitoring pharmaceutical wastewater on agriculture soil. The highest concentration of Iron was 10.4 mg/L at site MAS-1 while lowest 5.0 mg/L at MAS-3, highest for Copper was 2.6 mg/L at MAS-4and lowest 1.7 mg/L at MAS-3 and for zinc was 1.58 mg/L at MAS-2 and 1.07 mg/L at MAS-7. This study reveals that effluent from pharmaceutical industries was highly polluted; there is urgent need to follow adequate effluent treatment methods before their discharge to surface water for reducing their potential environmental hazards
Full text: IJNIST 2104.pdf

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